Twenty-four years ago today, an earth-shattering technological event changed the world and ushered in new certainty that robots will become more intelligent than people — possibly within the next decade.
In 1996, Russian grandmaster Garry Kasparov defeated IBM’s Deep Blue computer in a six-game chess match.
He’d been expected to triumph due to the limited capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) at the time.
The following year he faced off with the computer once more, after it had undergone significant hardware improvements giving it the ability to simulate millions of moves in a single second before making its choice.
Experts predicted Kasparov would easily win again, including those who had developed the AI itself.
“While we were confident that the 1997 Deep Blue was much better than the 1996 version, in my mind the most probable outcome of the match was a draw,” former IBM staffer Murray Campbell has said.
“Even going into the final game of the match, I was expecting a draw, and a likely rematch.”
Robert Levinson, an associate professor of computer science said Deep Blue lacked “autonomy and adaptability” and that it would be “mind-blowing” if the computer managed to win.
Yet that’s exactly what happened.
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Source: Daily Star