Gospel of Mark Fragment Found in Egyptian Garbage Dump Is From 2nd or 3rd Century

While some scholars have speculated for the past few years about the possible existence of a first century fragment from the New Testament Gospel of Mark, experts announced last week that the fragment found in an Egyptian garbage dump likely dates back to either the late second or early third centuries.

The Egypt Exploration Society, a British nonprofit excavation organization that works in Egypt and Sudan, reported that a late second or early third century fragment of the first chapter of the Gospel of Mark was published in the most recent volume of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri.

The Oxyrhynchus Papyri is a group of manuscripts that were discovered during the late 19th and early 20th centuries at a spot where ancient inhabitants of the city of Oxyrhynchus dumped their garbage of over 1,000 years.

“The two sides of the papyrus each preserve brief traces of a passage, both of which come from the Gospel of Mark,” a statement released last Thursday by the Society explains. “After rigorous comparison with other objectively dated texts, the hand of this papyrus is now assigned to the late second to early third century AD.”

Although the publication of the Mark fragment was just announced last week, there has been much conversation about the fragment stemming from the fact that Oxford University papyrologist Dirk Obbink showed the fragment to visitors between 2011 and 2012.

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Source: Christian Post