In Tennessee, One Christian College Breaks Enrollment Records, While Another Fights Declines

Image: Nathan Dumlao / Unsplash

Two Christian colleges in the same state, both holding to similar religious commitments, and both trying to recruit similar students, are seeing very different results.

Trevecca Nazarene University in Nashville just announced record-breaking enrollment figures, while Bryan College in Dayton has been struggling to attract students and is now lowering tuition rates.

Enrollment rates and retention are critical for small Christian schools. The experiences of Trevecca and Bryan call attention to how important it is for a college to cultivate a niche identity—without creating any controversy that might make prospective students or their parents leery of the institution.

In some ways, the schools are very similar. Both recruit large portions of their student body from Tennessee, and are especially appealing to conservative Christians. Trevecca, a 118-year-old liberal arts college affiliated with the Church of the Nazarene, emphasizes the importance of biblical inerrancy and has a conservative sexual ethics policy. Bryan—named for William Jennings Bryan, the creationist hero of the famous Scopes Trial—takes a similar moral stand on sex and sexuality, and celebrates its connection to the historic defense of biblical literalism.

Yet full-time enrollment at Trevecca has grown by 3 to 6 percent each year since 2013, according to the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). This fall, the campus newspaper TrevEchoes reported the school has 1,433 students on campus.

In that same time frame, Bryan saw enrollment decline. The number of full-time undergraduates decreased between 6 and 13 percent in 2013, 2014, and 2015, according to IPEDS. Enrollment numbers rebounded a bit in 2016, but then declined again in 2017. Enrollment numbers are moving in a positive direction again in 2018 and 2019, according to Adina Scruggs, associate vice president of academics at Bryan. The college hopes to encourage that trend.

Bryan opened a school of engineering in 2018, announced a new president will take over in 2020, and has now lowered tuition from $27,900 to $16,900 per year. This fall, the full-time student body stands at 663, Scruggs said.

Some small Christian colleges in Tennessee have fared worse than Bryan. Tennessee Temple University, a Southern Baptist school in Chattanooga, closed in 2015. Hiwassee Colleges, a Methodist school in Madisonville, announced it is closing this year, after 150 years in operation.

Colleges and universities everywhere are struggling, but Bryan may have been especially hard hit because of some recent controversy over the school’s leadership.

Faculty gave President Stephen Livesay a vote of no confidence in 2014, and clashes with faculty continued the following year when the faculty handbook was changed. Then a board member resigned, making public accusations about Livesay’s involvement in a shady land deal and several conflicts of interest (which Livesay has denied). Livesay is retiring at the end of this school year.

The school struggled with “trust and the perception of trust,” Scruggs said. “It’s fascinating how headlines change perception.”

For Trevecca, PR hasn’t been a big issue. The school has seemed calm and stable. Prospective students focus on the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs, which have been increasingly popular since the economic crisis. Plus, it doesn’t hurt to be in a hip city like Nashville, said Holly Whitby, vice president of enrollment and marketing at Trevecca.

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Source: Christianity Today