2015 Synod of Bishops: Archbishop Urges Catholics to Consider Allowing Female Deacons

Prelates pray before the opening of a morning session of the synod of bishops Oct. 6 at the Vatican. (Alessandra Tarantino/AP)
Prelates pray before the opening of a morning session of the synod of bishops Oct. 6 at the Vatican. (Alessandra Tarantino/AP)

A Canadian archbishop told a major Vatican meeting on family issues Tuesday that the church should consider allowing women to serve as deacons.

Archbishop Paul-Andre Durocher, who was recently president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, was one of many top church leaders who gave short speeches to the hundreds of bishops meeting in Rome.

Pope Francis convened the meeting this month to suggest ways the Catholic Church can support modern families but within the context of traditional church teachings. The meeting opened Sunday and so far has been made up of bishops speaking for three minutes apiece about their various ideas on family issues and church teachings.

Durocher declined to comment to The Post, but pointed to a Catholic News Service piece about his comments. In the piece he says he had used his time mostly to talk about the role of women in the church, and about domestic violence and ways Catholic theology views gender roles.

Deacons in the Catholic Church can preach and preside at baptisms, funerals and weddings, but may not celebrate Mass or hear confessions. Becoming a deacon in the church requires training but not going to seminary, as priests do.

“I think we should really start looking seriously at the possibility of ordaining women deacons,” he told CNS he had told the synod. He also said he had recommended the synod “clearly state that you cannot justify the domination of men over women — certainly not violence — through biblical interpretation,” particularly what he called incorrect interpretations of Scripture that women should be submissive to their husbands.

Francis has urged synod participants to raise whatever is on their minds about family, although there is a working document from a pre-synod a year ago that lays out the general road map for this meeting. That document called for giving women greater responsibility in the church.

Debate has been going on pretty steadily within the church for decades about the possibility of women becoming deacons and priests, and has been routinely rejected by most church leaders who find it too dramatic a break with the history of Catholicism. Advocates of women in those roles note that there are scriptural references from the early church to women playing roles of spiritual leadership.

Church-watchers seemed skeptical Durocher’s idea would go far during this synod, but for different reasons: Some said it went too far, others said not far enough. Theologians also disagree about the nature of deacons, and whether the position is more like a priest or more in the school of general ministry and thus more open to expanding to include women.

Durocher told CNS that the office that deacons hold — called “the diaconate” — “has been defined as not being ordered toward priesthood but toward ministry.”

Chad Pecknold, a theologian at Catholic University, disagreed, saying it is “exceptionally clear” that deacons are like priests — ordained and part of the “holy orders.”

“If you’ve opened the diaconate to women, you are opening up the door to female priests,” Pecknold said. “It’s Pope Francis’s stated intent that we pay attention to the role of women in the church. And it’s a fairly easy kind of thing to suggest: ‘Let’s have women be deacons.’ But when you look carefully, you see it’s not an easy fix. It changes church teaching on the diaconate.”


Part of the debate over the years, Pecknold said, is whether this issue is one of church law — which can be changed — or of doctrine, which cannot.

Pecknold noted that Francis just last month created a new, high-level Vatican body to deal with laity and family issues. A woman, Pecknold said, could head this body.

Candida Moss, a theologian at the University of Notre Dame, said Durocher’s suggestion Tuesday would be welcomed by some advocates for women’s ordination but that in reality “it’s an unhappy compromise for everyone.”


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SOURCE: The Washington Post
Michelle Boorstein

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