African Orphans Find Themselves Abandoned, Shunned Amid Ebola Crisis

Children at Sierra Leone's first Ebola orphanage in the Kailahun district. (Voice of America Image)
Children at Sierra Leone’s first Ebola orphanage in the Kailahun district. (Voice of America Image)

Ever since Frank Mulbah’s mother died of Ebola in August, no one will go near him.

“I went to my relatives after my mother died, but they chased me away, even after I told them that I didn’t have Ebola,” said the 12-year-old, who tested negative for Ebola at the hospital where his mother died.

As Ebola continues its rampage across Liberia and elsewhere in West Africa, thousands of children are taking a double hit—losing parents to the fatal virus and then being shunned by relatives who fear they will catch the disease.

The United Nations estimates the virus has orphaned nearly 4,000 children across the region, and that number could double in coming weeks. Aid groups, such as Doctors Without Borders, fear the orphans are at risk of starvation and disease.

The children also could pose a risk to others by spreading the disease if they are allowed to roam free without being tested for the virus.

Most children orphaned by Ebola are tested and found virus-free, said Laurence Sailly, a coordinator of a Liberian Ebola treatment center run by Doctors Without Borders. But some are not tested.

“These children are supposed to be quarantined for 21 days before they are declared Ebola-free,” she said. “But this does not take place, because there’s not enough facilities to cater to these children.”

In Liberia, the hardest-hit country, with nearly 1,000 deaths from Ebola, about half of all mothers in the country are raising their children alone because thousands of men died in a 1999-2003 civil war. So, when these mothers catch Ebola and die, their children have nowhere to turn.

Desperate Search for Food
Frank, whose father died in the civil war, said he found no one to care for him—neither in northwest Liberia, where he lived before dropping out of school, nor in the capital, where he traveled in a desperate search for food and shelter from relatives who refused to take him in.

So he scavenges for food. “A day can pass without eating anything,” he said. “A few people will listen to you and give you food to eat, but the majority will chase you away.”

Some residents said they are sympathetic to the plight of orphans like Frank, but they first have to look out for the safety of their own families.

Faith Teta, 33, a mother of four, watched as two neighbors died a few months ago from Ebola, leaving behind five children. Their youngest child died a short time later, because everyone in the neighborhood was too scared of being infected to care for the 1-year-old, she said.

The remaining four children now wander Monrovia’s streets, dependent on the kindness of strangers, which is in short supply, Teta said. More often, the children encounter fear, horror and even death threats.

“As parents, we all want to help them,” Teta said. “But people are endangering their own lives when they take in these children, and the lives of our family members.”

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Sheilia Passewe, USA Today

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